Mga Lindol

Isang bahay na nabiyak at nasira mula sa pinsalang dala ng lindol

Himukin ang iba na kumilos sa pamamagitan ng pagiging isang halimbawa, Mangakong Maghahanda at sabihan ang iba tungkol dito!

Mangakong Maghahanda

Ang isa sa pinakanakakatakot at mapanirang pangyayari sa kalikasan ay ang matinding lindol at ang mga teribleng epekto nito pagkatapos. Ang lindol ay isang biglaan, at mabilis na pag-uga ng lupa, na dulot ng pagbibiyak at pagbabago ng mga batong nasa ilalim ng lupa kapag pinakakawalan nito ang puwersang naiipon sa mahabang panahon.

Sa loob ng daang-milyong taon, ang mga puwersa ng plate tectonics ay humubog sa lupa, habang ang malalaking plate na humuhubog sa balat ng lupa ay dahan-dahang umuusog, papailalim at lagpas sa bawat isa. Kung minsan, ang pagkilos ay dahan-dahan. Sa ibang pagkakataon naman, ang mga plate ay magkaipit, at hindi mapakawalan ang natipong puwersa. Kapag sapat na ang puwersang naipon, nagkakalas ang mga plate. Kung ang lindol ay maganap sa lugar na maraming tao, maaari itong magdulot ng maraming kamatayan at pinsala at malawakang pagkasira ng mga ari-arian.

Habang ang mga lindol ay pinaniniwalaang pangyayaring nagaganap sa Kanlurang Baybayin (West Coast), sa katunayan ay may 45 estado at teritoryo sa kabuuhang Estados Unidos na may mataas hanggang katamtamang panganib ng lindol kasama na ang New Madrid fault line sa Gitnang U.S.

Ipinakita ng lindol noong 2011 sa Silangang Baybayin (East Coast) ang katotohanan na imposibleng mahulaan kung kailan at saan may magaganap na lindol, kaya mahalaga na ikaw at ang iyong pamilya ay nakahanda nang maaga.

After an Earthquake

If Trapped Under Debris

  • Do not light a match.
  • Do not move about or kick up dust.
  • Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
  • Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.

When the Shaking Stops

  • When the shaking stops, look around to make sure it is safe to move and there is a safe way out through the debris. Then exit the building.
  • Expect aftershocks. These secondary shockwaves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Drop, Cover, and Hold On whenever you feel shaking.
  • Check for injuries and provide assistance if you have training. Assist with rescues if you can do this safely.
  • Look for and extinguish small fires. Fire is the most common hazard after an earthquake. Never use a lighter or matches near damaged areas.
  • Listen to a battery-operated radio or television for the latest emergency information.
  • If you are near the coast, learn the tsunami risk for your area. If you are in an area that may experience tsunamis, when the shaking stops, walk inland or to higher ground immediately. Monitor official reports for more information on the area’s tsunami evacuation plans.
  • Use the telephone only for emergency calls.
  • Go to a designated public shelter if your home had been damaged and is no longer safe. Text SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362 (4FEMA) to find the nearest shelter in your area (example: shelter 12345).
  • Stay away from damaged areas. Stay away unless your assistance has been specifically requested by police, fire, or relief organizations. Return home only when authorities say it is safe.
  • Be careful when driving after an earthquake and anticipate traffic light outages.
  • After it is determined that its’ safe to return, your safety should be your primary priority as you begin clean up and recovery.
  • Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of objects that can fall off shelves.
  • Find out how to keep food safe during and after and emergency by visiting: http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/emergency/index.html
  • Put on long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, sturdy shoes and work gloves to protect against injury from broken objects.
  • Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline or other flammable liquids immediately. Leave the area if you smell gas or fumes from other chemicals.
  • Inspect the entire length of chimneys for damage. Unnoticed damage could lead to a fire.
  • Inspect utilities.
    • Check for gas leaks. If you smell gas or hear blowing or hissing noise, open a window and quickly leave the building. Turn off the gas at the outside main valve if you can and call the gas company from a neighbor's home. If you turn off the gas for any reason, it must be turned back on by a professional.
    • Look for electrical system damage. If you see sparks or broken or frayed wires, or if you smell hot insulation, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If you have to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electrician first for advice.
    • Check for sewage and water lines damage. If you suspect sewage lines are damaged, avoid using the toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are damaged, contact the water company and avoid using water from the tap. You can obtain safe water by melting ice cubes.

FEMA Publications

If you require more information about any of these topics, the following resources may be helpful.

Related Websites

Find additional information on how to plan and prepare for an earthquake and learn about available resources by visiting the following websites:

Listen to Local Officials

Learn about the emergency plans that have been established in your area by your state and local government. In any emergency, always listen to the instructions given by local emergency management officials.

Last updated: 03/28/2013 - 10:30 AM